Social protection in Madagascar aims to help the poor and most vulnerable in society (individuals, families and communities) to better manage the risks of loss of income or capital. Social Protection was included under the country’s Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper.
There is a National Social Security Fund that provides family allowances and workers’ compensation for wage earners. The pension scheme for employed persons includes agricultural salaried workers, domestic workers, the clergy, presidents and directors of private companies, managers of limited companies, employed taxi drivers, and certain categories of employed seamen. There is also a special system for civil servants.
In the Social Insurance Pension, the Old-Age, Disability and Survivors Decree No. 69-145 and Law No. 94-026 (Social Protection Code) provide benefits for old-age pensioners (age 60 for men, and age 55 for women) with at least 15 years of coverage. The Solidarity Allowance insures persons who do not meet the qualifying conditions for the full or partial old-age pension at age 60 (men) or age 55 (women). Also in this sector, there are Sickness and Maternity Benefits regulated by the Decree No. 63-124 (Family Benefits and Work Injury Code) and Law No.94-026 (Social Protection Code); the Disability pension and Survivor pension.
Some Conditional Cash Transfer schemes are contained within social protection policies. Funding comes mainly from external sources.